The different types of Arabic Coffee and 3 types of beans that you can buy
Have you tried to learn about the different types of Arabic Coffee before getting to prepare it, as it will help you a lot on preparing better different types of Arabic Coffee and you will be experienced in buying the highest quality coffee beans and the ability to distinguish its different tastes and usages. Good Arabic Coffee preparation starts from choosing the best types of coffee beans and then the way of its roasting, cleaning, and finally preparation.
- Types of Arabic coffee according to the preparation method.
- Types of Arabic coffee according to the roasting degree.
- Best types of coffee beans you use in Arabic coffee preparation.
- How can you detect bad coffee in the markets?
- How to avoid buying bad coffee?
Types of Arabic Coffee
It’s known to us that there are many types of coffee in general, such as Arabic coffee, Turkish coffee, espresso, distilled, and many other types, there are also many types of Arabic Coffee according to a number of factors:
Types of Arabic coffee (Arabian Quahwa) according to the preparation method
preparing Arabic coffee differs from country to country, and each of them has its own way to prepare it, and they may use different forms and types of coffee beans to prepare the coffee:
- Saudi Arabic coffee: “Gahwa Saudi” which we make in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is known for the spices added to coffee such as cardamom, cloves, and saffron, it is prepared by mixing roasted coffee with cold water and adding spices, and served in a Dallah with dates.
- Emirati Arabic coffee: “Gahwa Emirati” preparation method is very similar to the Saudi Arabian coffee, but it is characterized by the use of a larger amount of cardamom in its preparation.
- Yemeni Arabic coffee: It differs from Saudi and Emirati coffee, as you can prepare by adding sugar as you prefer, and ginger can also be added.
- Allan coffee (Yemeni): It is prepared in the first coffee harvest season, as we use red coffee beans to prepare it, it is often preferred by the olds because of its benefits.
- Qishr Yemeni coffee: It is the coffee which we use the qishr of coffee to prepare, qishr of coffee means the cover surrounding the coffee beans. It has many benefits, spreads especially in the countryside and spices are rarely added to it.
- Sweet Hadrami coffee (Yemeni): It is served at weddings, funerals, and many events. It is also often prepared in the winter, because it is known for its resistance to cold and tonsillitis, and sugar is added to it.
- Yemeni White Coffee: “Qahwa bayda” It is named after a white city, as well as for its white color, and it has a precise preparation method that must be adhered to.
- Aleppo coffee: It is famous for the people of Syria and Jordan, sugar is added to it and cooked over low heat
Types of coffee beans according to the roasting degree
Arabica and Robusta are the two main types of coffee beans, which are cultivated in many countries around the world, each of them has a distinctive taste, but the roasting degree also plays an important role in the taste of coffee and its color also.
In the roasting process, water is evaporated from the coffee beans, therefore the longer you have roasted the coffee beans, the greater water will be evaporated, and the density of the coffee bean also decreases and its color becomes darker. So, the more roasting, the more bitterness in the coffee due to the lack of chlorogenic acid, and the caffeine increased in Coffee beans.
Everyone prefers a roasting degree, your experience only which can you through the type you prefer.
- Green Coffee: It is coffee beans that have only been dried without roasting, so the percentage of chlorogenic acids is more than the roasted beans, as acids decrease in coffee beans after roasting, while they remain at their highest levels in green coffee.
- Blonde Roast coffee: It is coffee beans that are lightly roasted, to become light brown in color and have a taste preferred by many.
- Medium coffee: It is coffee beans that do not have a greasy surface and still have some acidity, and the aromatic substances can still be felt in this type of coffee.
- Dark (black) coffee: It is called by this name because it is roasted for longer periods, and remains on the fire until it becomes dark and has a taste known as bitterness, its acidity has almost disappeared, which gives you a bitter taste that many prefer.
The difference between the types of Arabic coffee according to the roasting degree
The degree of roasting affects the taste of coffee and the elements it contains, which affects your health, which we explain as follows:
Best types of coffee beans you use
There are many types of coffee beans, that does not necessarily mean that there is a bad type and another good. So we offer you 3 of the best types:
- It is coffee that is grown in Harar, Ethiopia. Harar was known for its coffee from the sixteenth century and later turned into a commercial center. That city has a special place for Muslims, so it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2006.
- Harari coffee is characterized by its high price, as it is twice the price of Laqmati coffee.
- Harari coffee has a larger size than the Laqmati coffee, which we will talk about later, and it is usually purer than the Laqmati and has a lower fat content.
- It is the favorite coffee of most residents of the Arab Gulf countries, and later became one of the best types of coffee in the whole world.
- It has a distinctive, strong, and fruity taste.
Harari coffee is of three types:
- Loneberry: It is the largest type.
- Shurberry: It is the smallest type.
- Mocha: It tastes like chocolate.
- Khawlani coffee is characterized by its small grains, distinctive aroma and wonderful taste.
- It is cultivated in the state of Khawlan in Yemen and is also attributed to the Bani Khoul tribe, which is famous for its coffee cultivation.
- Khawlani coffee is also grown in Jazan in the south of Saudi Arabia, and it is a luxurious coffee, famous throughout the Arab world.
- Khawlani coffee is known as the oily layer that forms on the surface of the coffee made from it, and its aroma is well-known and distinctive
Khawlani coffee types:
- Cultivated in central Africa, distinguished by its pungent taste and strong aroma & the flavor millions love around the world.
- Laqmati coffee beans are larger than the Khawlani coffee beans.
- Wild coffee beans do not contain caffeine, so DMT is added to it to give the same effect as coffee.
- Despite it’s known for its wonderful flavor, it isn’t used too much in the coffee industry, but often is grown in green gardens for its amazing view & good smell.
- It’s grown in the city of Yafea, in the south of yemen.
- Despite the decline in its production in the last period, it began to be sold again in the markets.
- It is cultivated on a high mountain, reaching a height of 3 thousand meters above sea level.
Its main types:
How can you detect bad coffee?
Sometimes coffee is adulterated by mixing it with some types of legumes, such as chickpeas, soybeans, and chicory roots. Some add glycerine during roasting so that the coffee beans become fibrous and increase the weight because glycerin prevents water from evaporating.
Some cheaters resort to adding sugar or caramel to cover up the bad taste of low-quality coffee, and sometimes Arabica beans are mixed with Robusta and sold as 100% Arabica (which is the most expensive).
So you have to make sure that the coffee you buy is not adulterated by buying whole, unground coffee beans, as it is difficult to detect the ground coffee if it is adulterated.
You can easily detect adulterated coffee from unadulterated within these steps:
- Put a tablespoon of coffee in a cup of water and leave it for 10 minutes.
- If the coffee beans float, it means that they are not adulterated
- If it goes to the bottom of the cup, it means that it is adulterated.
- If the water turns brown like a dye, this also means that the coffee is adulterated.
You can also avoid buying adulterated coffee by following these tips:
- Buy whole, unflavored coffee beans to check their quality.
- If you buy packaged coffee, you must:
- Read the ingredients carefully; If there is sugar, chicory or glycerin, this is a bad sign that may indicate that the coffee is adulterated.
- Check the country of origin, and you can see the countries that produce and export Arabica coffee to verify the information on the cover.
- Buy coffee from a well-known place to ensure that it does not pass long after roasting, and to make sure that it is clean and free of harmful fungi.
- The quality of Arabic coffee you taste begins with the quality of the coffee beans used to prepare it, so you have to learn about their types and try to choose the best for you.
- There are a lot of types of Arabic coffee in the markets, you must know the best and purchase it.
- The degree of roasting affects the taste of Arabic coffee, and there are many types of coffee depending on the degree of roasting (green - blonde - medium - black).
- Dealers use many ways to cheat coffee, so you should avoid buying adulterated coffee by following a set of steps, and you can also follow simple steps, detect the adulterated types easily.